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BBC英國史精講《大不列顛的聯合》第17期:志在隔絕塵世

2017-05-21 17:06[BBC] 來源: 瀏覽: 次 評論:

But Houghton was not just about living the good life,much as its master revelled in it,

但霍頓府邸不僅僅只是享受生活 作樂狂歡的聚財之所

it was also a statement of grandeur meant to stun sceptics into recognising

它是一個莊嚴的聲明 讓懷疑者們在震驚之余意識到



that only someone truly in command of the nation's fortunes could possibly afford something like this.

只有真正支配國家財務權勢的人 才能享有此等奢華

King George may have had the throne,but Cock Robin had the palace.

雖然喬治國王仍然在位 但"知更鳥"才是宮殿的主人

There's no doubt that Walpole's appeal to self-interest was infectious.

毫無疑問 沃波爾的個人主義極受追捧

With the glittering prizes dangled before their noses,

此等華麗在前

the governing class of the country just 180 peers and 1,500 country gentry

全國統治階層 包括180位貴族 以及1500位鄉紳

lined up to trade in party passion for Palladian houses.

爭先恐后放棄黨爭 轉而縱情豪宅麗舍

They stopped shouting and started building.

他們停止爭吵 專心建造

And what they built was designed to insulate them

他們建造府邸 志在隔絕塵世

from the grubbiness of the real world and Robert Walpole showed them the way.

遠離世俗紛擾 而羅伯特·沃波爾為他們設立了榜樣

This stone column marks the spot where the village of Houghton once stood.

這個石柱所矗立的地方 即是霍頓鎮的原有地址

It had been here for centuries,but now it was just an inconvenience.

這個村鎮曾經繁榮了數百年 但現在已無存在必要

It was too close to Walpole's house and it definitely spoiled the view,

它距離沃波爾的府邸過近 更破壞了周遭風景

so he simply had it demolished and moved down the road.

因此他拆毀村莊 遷移到遠處

1、command

命令;下令;指示

He commanded his troops to attack.

他命令部隊發起進攻。

'Get in your car and follow me,' he commanded.

“上你自己的車,跟在我后面。”他命令道。

博得,贏得,擁有(尊重、服從等)

an excellent physician who commanded the respect of all his colleagues.

贏得所有同事尊敬的優秀的內科醫生

There is no limit to what can be achieved here because of the fantastic support we command.

由于贏得了極大的支持,我們將無往不勝。

控制;掌管

The Royal Navy would command the seas.

皇家海軍會控制所有海域。

Yemen commands the strait at the southern end of the Red Sea.

也門完全控制著紅海南端的海峽。

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2、demolish

摧毀,拆毀,拆除(建筑物等)

A storm moved directly over the island, demolishing buildings and flooding streets.

暴風雨徑直席卷該島,摧毀了建筑,淹沒了街道。

The building is now being demolished to make way for a motorway.

為修建高速公路,現正拆除這棟建筑。

駁倒,推翻(某人的觀點或論點)

Our intention was to demolish the rumours that have surrounded him.

我們的目的是要徹底擊破圍繞他的那些謠言。

The myth that Japan is not open to concerns from outside has, I think, been demolished at a stroke.

關于日本對外界的關注不予理會的謬論,我認為,一下子就被駁倒了。

【看這里~】

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(編輯:bruce)

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